“Whoever fights monsters should see to it that in the process he does not become a monster. And when you look into the abyss, the abyss also looks into you.” - Friedrich Nietzsche, ‘Beyond Good and Evil’
Last night I was considering the possible negative psychological effects of child sexual abuse on victims in later life and I recalled a couple of experiments that were done in the first half of the 20th century. I’m not going to write about them myself but I thought I’d provide links so that if you’re interested you can check them out.
Both experiment are considered by psychologists today to be highly unethical and it is unlikely that any similar experiments will be carried out in the future.
The first experiment is known as the ‘Little Albert experiment’ (pictured above), Which was a case study showing empirical evidence of classical conditioning in humans. This study was also an example of stimulus generalization. It was conducted in 1920 by John B. Watson along with his assistant Rosalie Rayner. The study was done at Johns Hopkins University. The Link can be found here
The second experiment is known as ‘The Monster Study’ which was conducted by Wendell Johnson in 1939 at the University of Iowa. The link can be found here
I hope you find these of interest.